A physiotherapist is a person qualified to treat injuries, diseases, and deformities by using physical treatment methods. The standard methods of treatment include massage, heat treatment and physical exercises. They help people affected by illnesses, injuries and disabilities to physical therapies, education and advice.
The profession of physiotherapy helps in encouraging the development and recovery of people to enable them to restore their bodily functions and movements. Physiotherapists help patients to regain the maximum range of physical ability and movement.
Physiotherapists Vs Physicians
Physical therapists are much different from regular physicians. While the doctors provide treatment by using the medical drugs, the physical therapists use physical techniques to treat the injuries and disabilities.
Illnesses and disabilities are caused due to a variety of factors like diseases, injuries, environmental factors and natural ageing. Although medical practitioners used drugs for the treatment of illnesses, the physiotherapists help quicken the treatment and recovery process.
Conditions Physiotherapists can treat
Physiotherapy is more than massages and helping people recover from injuries. The practitioners treat a host of conditions which are mainly categorised into four categories.
Cardiovascular – This category includes conditions like chronic heart diseases, heart attack and rehabilitation from related heart surgeries, such as coronary bypass surgery.
Neuromusculoskeletal – Physiotherapy can treat the conditions which hamper the regular movement of the body like acute back pain, joint pain, whiplash, piriformis syndrome, arthritis and chronic muscle pain.
Respiratory – People who suffer from respiratory illnesses like chronic bronchitis, pulmonary fibrosis emphysema, asthma, and cystic fibrosis can take help from physiotherapists in addition to medical treatment.
Neurological – The neurological conditions refers to illnesses such as strokes, Parkinson’s disease, Charcot-Maries-Tooth disease (CMT), Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Multiple sclerosis (MS), Facial and cerebral palsy.
Diabetes and Vascular conditions – Physical therapies can treat diabetes and vascular illnesses as exercises can help control the blood sugar levels. Also, people who have diabetes have irregular sensations in their legs and feet. The physiotherapists can educate and support the diabetic patients to take care of their feet and legs using special exercises and massages.
Sports injuries – Physical therapists also help people recover from the sports-related injuries. Sportspersons are vulnerable to blows and injuries which needs a particular type of treatment. Physiotherapists design special massages and exercise programmes to treat the injuries of sportspersons.
Types of Physical Therapies
There are various types of therapies that physiotherapists practice for the treatment of patients. The primary therapies include manual therapies, exercise programmes and electrotherapy techniques.
Manual therapies: The manual therapies include joint manipulation, mobilisation, stretching and resistance training. Manual therapies help in the restoration of joints and enabling the movements of body parts by simple physical exercises.
Exercise programmes: The exercise programmes include the exercise for the strengthening of muscle tissues, posture retraining, and cardiovascular stretching. Such therapies help in the recovery of weak muscles, maintaining the correct body posture and recovery from injuries.
Electrotherapy techniques: These techniques consist of laser therapy, diathermy, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and ultrasound. Such methods are used for the treatment of the physical problems which cannot be treated by massages and exercises.
Benefits of Physiotherapy
Reduce and eliminate pain
The physiotherapy uses various techniques to help the patients relief from pain which cannot be treated by drugs. Physiotherapy helps people get rid of the chronic joint and muscle pain through massage and exercises.
Avoid the surgery
There are many physical conditions in which the medical doctors recommend surgery for treatment. However, the physiotherapy helps to treat such conditions without surgery with the help of physical therapies. Physiotherapy eliminates the need for surgery in many health conditions.
Improves the mobility
People who face difficulty in maintaining the correct posture while standing, walking or moving can take help from a physical therapist. The stretching and strengthening exercise can restore the mobility in limbs, joints and muscles. Physiotherapists also make use of canes, crutches and other devices which helps the patients to make movements and regain their mobility.
Improves the balance and prevent the falls
A physical therapist screens the patients, especially the sportspersons for the risk of fall. People who are at high risk of fall, your physiotherapist will help you do the exercise which challenges your balance in ways to mimic the real-life situations. The exercises helps the patients to improve the coordination between the body parts and maintain the balance.
As people enter old age, they begin to develop problems like osteoporosis and arthritis. Some problems become severe and need a joint replacement. Physiotherapists can help people recover from joint replacement and recover from painful conditions.
Physical therapists are not doctors, but they help patients recover faster. In some cases, they also coordinate with the doctors to treat the patients and make the treatment convenient. Physiotherapy treatments are available in all parts of Australia. If you live in Merrimac, Queensland, you can avail the physiotherapy Merrimac services for any physical condition.
The author of this post is a professional writer and physiotherapist in Merrimac Queensland. With years of experience in physiotherapy, he writes about physical therapies and treatments to help the patients. Other then physiotherapy he loves to write, travel and hang out with friends.